Contrary to popular belief about hybrid cars, as something completely new, in fact their story stretches for a century. In fact, they include any vehicle that uses two or more power supplies. The most commonly used power plant for today is a combination of gasoline internal combustion engine and an electric motor. Exactly it was used by vehicle developers and at the beginning of the automotive era.
The first officially recognized (patented) hybrid car was built in 1899 by Ferdinand Porsche - one of the most prominent engineers of his time. In the Lohner-Porsche Mixte model, the gasoline engine generates electricity that drives a driving electric motor. The car turned out to be a success and went through a series of more than 300 cars. The demand for hybrids fell sharply with the launch of mass production by Henry Ford. The cheap Ford gasoline cars instantly won the market and dumped from there hybrid models of competitors. The car with a combined power system so-soak sold to the 1910s, and then descended from the arena for fifty years.
In the 1960s, laws were developed in the United States that encouraged widespread use of electric vehicles to reduce environmental pollution. However, low fuel prices did not stimulate the development of alternative concepts. And only with the onset of the oil crisis in 1973 they spoke about them again. During the next quarter century, some automakers have invested heavily in the development of hybrid technology. Despite this, only a few car models that were able to compete with traditional gasoline versions were released during this time.
Only in the late 90's were released several electrical models that could boast more or less decent technical characteristics. First of all, it's about Toyota RAV-4 EV and GM EV1. Both electric vehicles were not widely used and were soon discontinued. Everything changed after the introduction of the Toyota Prius in 1997 as a real alternative to gasoline engines.
In 1999, the Honda Insight came out on the market: a two-door two-seater hybrid with limited functionality. It could not become a real competitor to the Toyota Prius - a full-fledged and practical full-size hybrid powertrain. In fact, Prius became the starting point for the modern history of hybrid vehicles. In the 2000s, his name became synonymous with the very word "hybrid" and continues to associate with it to this day. Toyota Prius has become the most popular and best-selling hybrid car in the world. Many automakers around the world have taken it as the basis for developing their own models of vehicles with a combined power plant.
Soon, Toyota Prius competitors have released their hybrid versions: the second, the revamped generation of Honda Insight and Chevrolet Volt. And after about ten to fifteen years, most major automakers have hybrid models that allow the development and development of technologies without which there will be no future for these companies.
The future of hybrid cars is inextricably linked with the development of technologies in the manufacture of batteries and their charging, drive circuits, facilitation of the body structure and engine-generators. Each year, these achievements will be reflected in the simultaneous improvement of dynamic performance and lower fuel consumption. Theoretically, if there is sufficient achievement in these areas, the hybrid, following internal combustion engines, may lose its relevance and remain an intermediate, intermediate link between archaic vehicles using fossil energy sources and clean and reliable electric vehicles.
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