China and the Chinese economy in the last century are in the role of those who catch up. Celestial rarely creates breakthrough technologies that change the world. Instead, they copy successful, proven solutions and implement them at their own pace. This saves on research and development, sending funds for intensive growth. Rapid development and aggressive expansion are the strongest features of Chinese business, for which it has no competitors around the world.
During 2018, nearly three million alternative domestic vehicles were sold in China, including passenger and commercial (trucks, buses, etc.) electric drives.
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What are New energy vehicles?
The category New energy vehicles includes all means of transport for individual and commercial use that use electricity as one or one of the sources of energy. That is, in the context we are interested in, they include plug-in hybrid vehicles and electric vehicles on batteries or fuel cells. This concept has been introduced by the Chinese government to determine which vehicles are subject to a state subsidy program.
In the case of the so-called New energy vehicles, everything happens in the classic scenario. While Japan, the United States and Europe have been titanic in pushing for a new trend, the Chinese have "slept," and since the start of 2013, has begun a crazy growth that has made the Middle East the largest producer and consumer of alternative vehicles in the world. However, in terms of population, the saturation of the Chinese market with "green" cars is still very low.
BYD Auto today is the world's largest manufacturer of Plug-in type cars (that is, those that can be charged from the outlet). Despite the late start, it became the second largest electric vehicle manufacturer in the world in 2016. It was her main models who received the most subsidies from the Chinese government.
- BYD Qin is a hybrid sedan of the pact-class, which for two consecutive years maintained the position of the leader in sales of cars with alternative powerplants. It is able to overcome up to 70 km exclusively on a powertrain, and in pairs with an internal combustion engine makes it easy to travel long distances. There is also a fully electric version of the model with a range of up to 300 km in one charge. Significantly, this hybrid has become a competitor for another model of the company - BYD F3DM, in which the gasoline and electric motors have been joined even earlier. The first generation of BYD Qin was equipped with a 1.5-liter turbocharged petrol engine and two 110 kW electric motors, as well as an automatic 6-speed DCT transmission.
- BYD Tang is a hybrid crossover that became the best-selling New car in 2016. It was created based on the BYD S6 model. The first generation was equipped with a gasoline 2.0-liter turbocharged engine and two 110kW electric motors. In the second generation, a new electric motor with a power of 180 kW (240 hp) was installed on the rear axle. In the application of government benefits, the price of a charged hybrid crossover in China is about $ 48,000.
Chinese business traditionally copies successful work. In the case of hybrid and electric vehicles, Toyota and Renault-Nissan became the major donor of technology. On the basis of Japanese and European models, "own" designs were developed, which are successfully sold and tested mainly on the local market.
Indicative is the desire of China to "jump" the link in the form of traditional hybrids and develop mass production of electric vehicles at once. Unlike most other countries, there are grounds for this in the Celestial Empire. The country has sufficient mineral resources needed for the production of batteries, as well as the corresponding production technologies and production facilities.
During the last decade, China has developed bikesharing technology, that is, the use of bicycles. Now comes the turn of the car. This form of short-term rental of cars is becoming more attractive due to existing environmental problems, the development of a fleet of hybrid and electric vehicles, as well as the general course of the Chinese government.
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