Classic hybrid cars are usually driven by two types of engines: internal combustion and an electric motor. Models of previous generations are usually equipped with systems that do not provide for the possibility of recharging electric accumulators from external sources. Today, more and more common vehicles like PHEV, which can be plugged in and recharged from an ordinary household socket outlet.
The abbreviation PHEV or PHV stands for either a Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle or a Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle, that is, a hybrid electric vehicle with the ability to connect. This kind of system is considered one of the priority, because it has objective advantages and has no special disadvantages.
Toyota Prius is a bestseller, a recognized leader among hybrid cars around the world. At the same time, developers have not been in a hurry to embody the opportunity to connect to the outlet. They focused on buyers who are looking for the most easy to use car or do not have their own garage and access to external power sources. However, taking into account all the advantages of the technology, the Thiocientists still had to offer it to customers. The PHV version can move both in the hybrid mode and exclusively on the electric motor. The claimed mileage in Electro mode is about 60 km., The maximum speed without a gasoline engine is about 135 km / h.
Vehicles of this type can move on an electric train at the expense of energy accumulated from external sources. This feature allows you to use them as a regular electric car on small and medium distances, for example, with daily city trips. If you need a high-speed ride or long-range displacement, the internal combustion engine will become the aid of the electric motor. In fact, such vehicles are an intermediate link between a traditional hybrid and electric vehicle, embodying all the benefits and minimizing the disadvantages of each of them.
Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV - a famous crossover from another Japanese manufacturer, which can be "refilled" simply in its garage from a household socket. He is called the world's first PHEV-crossover. This type of body allowed to realize the idea of a car with a power cord without compromises in terms of capacity, comfort or design.
Currently, most models of this type are passenger cars. However, technology is intensively extended to commercial transport: buses, city vans and trucks.
The obvious benefits of PHEV / PHV technology:
- The cost of electricity to power the electric motor in most cases is much lower than the corresponding cost of fuel required for the internal combustion engine. As a rule, it is no more than 20-25% of the price of the latter. In PHEV / PHV, the electric drive is used at its maximum.
- The internal combustion engine is always up and running. It will connect when the battery is low or in driving mode when its efficiency is really high.
- Hybrids are relatively affordable (they do not need large-capacity batteries, such as electric cars) and are suitable for long-distance travel.
- The use of renewable electricity makes the hybrid connected to the socket one of the best options for a vehicle environment friendly.
- High torque of electric motors provides good dynamic characteristics without additional environmental impact or gas / diesel consumption.
Automotive market leaders are trying not to retreat into the technology race and offer their models that can be fueled at the gas station and recharged from the outlet.
Among the most successful, well known and promising are the European (BMW i3 REx, BMW 330e, Volkswagen Passat GTE, Mercedes-Benz C350e, Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid, Volvo XC60 T8 Twin Engine, MINI Countryman SE), and Asian (Toyota Prius PHV, Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, Hyundai Ioniq PHEV) and American cars (Chevy Volt PHEV, Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid, Cadillac CT6 PHEV).